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The Social System of the 20th Century

The era of the twentieth century is ambitious, had a lot of events, economic breakthroughs, scientific and technological changes, revolutions and counter-revolutions, world wars, struggles of various systems, victories and defeats, hopes and disappointments.

This is an era of great achievements, creative and revolutionary renovation and alteration of the world in the material, cultural, socio-political and spiritual fields.

In the social area during the 20th century, the idea of the equality of rights of all people on Earth, regardless of their sex, height, age, nationality, race, language or religion has spread. The eight-hour working day became a legal norm in most developed countries. With the advent of new means of birth control women became more independent. After decades of struggle, all Western countries gave them the right to vote.

Mass social movements of the 20th century are:

  • Communist organizations in Russia and China.
  • Civil disobedience movement in India.
  • The civil rights movement in the United States.
  • Anti-apartheid movement in South Africa.

The 20th century brought such terms as World War II, genocide, and nuclear war. The media, telecommunications and information technologies (radio, television, personal computers and the internet) made knowledge more accessible to people. Cinema, literature, pop music became available anywhere in the world. At the same time the media became the means of rampant propaganda and a weapon in the struggle against the ideological enemy in the 20th century.

Perhaps the most distinctive feature of the 20th century is the fact that it is a transitional epoch, the epoch of world-historical changes, transformations, and rotations. These turns are from capitalism to socialism, and from socialism to capitalism.

In the 20th century, there was a liquidation of the colonial system by the national liberation revolution and the actions of vast masses of the oppressed peoples. But in place of open colonial dependence came masked, veiled, primarily economic, and political dependence.

This was an era of the downfall of imperialism. A lot of countries have chosen the path of socialism, and even more countries liberated from colonial slavery.

That was an era of transition to the socialist path of all countries people. This trend was manifested, but in very different combinations of internal and external factors. Revolutions in China, Vietnam, Cuba, have led to the establishment of the socialist system. However, the transition to socialism in the countries of Eastern and Central Europe happened after the arrival of Soviet troops in 1941-1945.

The era of the twentieth century is ambitious, had a lot of events, economic breakthroughs, scientific and technological changes, revolutions and counter-revolutions, world wars, struggles of various systems, victories and defeats, hopes and disappointments.

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Assignment ID
100000434
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CREATED ON
July 1, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 2, 2016
Price
$30
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