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Curious Facts on Acid Rain

The activities of industrial enterprises, particularly of those with harmful metallurgical production, emit large portions of oxides of sulfur and nitrogen into the atmosphere. Exhaust gases from cars and thermal power plants contribute to the pollution and cause acid rains.

Thus, the main cause of acid rain is the presence of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, hydrogen chloride and other acid-forming elements in the atmosphere due to industrial emissions of harmful compounds. As a result, rain, snow and other types of precipitation get acidified. The presence of appreciable amounts in the air of, for example, ammonia or calcium ions creates not acid, but alkaline precipitations. However, they are also referred to as acidic as once they touch the soil or water they change their acidity as well. The maximum acidity of rainfall ever recorded in Western Europe is pH of 2.3, while in China it is pH of 2.25.

Acidification of the environment has a negative effect on the state of ecosystems. Under such conditions, the soil reproduces not only nutrients but also toxic metals such as lead, aluminum and many others.

The contaminants created by acid rains are harmful to human health. Interacting in the atmosphere, these gases form microparticles of sulfates and nitrates that get deep into human lungs by inhalation and instigate and aggravate heart and lung diseases. Moreover, the acidified water increases the solubility of aluminum. In lakes, this leads to disease and death of fish and slowing down the development of phytoplankton and algae. Acid rain destroys facing materials (marble, limestone, etc.), and greatly reduce the service life of reinforced concrete structures, which is why the oxidation of the natural environment is one of the most important environmental issues to be solved in the near future.

The governments of different countries are working on uniting and decision-making concerning this problem. As for today, there is no established way out of the impending environmental disaster, other than developing and producing atmospheric purification technologies, creating plants for alternative energy production and environmentally friendly vehicles. Considering the fact that acid rain, as well as other types of precipitation, are able to cover a vast area of the scale, in the near future acid rain may become commonplace across the whole globe.

The activities of industrial enterprises, particularly of those with harmful metallurgical production, emit large portions of oxides of sulfur and nitrogen into the atmosphere. Exhaust gases from cars and thermal power plants contribute to the pollution and cause acid rains.

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100000432
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CREATED ON
July 2, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 3, 2016
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