Internet has changed all views on computers and communication, more than any other technological innovation. The invention of the telegraph, radio, telephone and computer became the base for this unprecedented integration of capabilities. Internet is both an opportunity to broadcast to the whole world, a mechanism for information dissemination, as well as a means for collaboration and interaction between users and their computers regardless of their geographic location. Internet is one of the best examples that shows the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure.
The first recorded description of the social interactions that were adjusted with the network technology was a series of memos written by Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider from MIT in August, 1962, where he discussed the concept of a Galactic Network. He foresaw the emergence of a global interconnected set of computers, which could be used by everyone to quickly access data and programs from any place. The concept is very similar to the modern Internet. Licklider was the head of the research computer program at the agency DARPA, where he persuaded his followers of the importance of this network concept.
In 1957, after the USSR’s launch of the Sputnik, the US government decided that in case of war it would be nice to have a reliable transmission system. The development of such a system was entrusted to several major universities in America. Computer network project was called ARPANET (English Advanced Research Projects Agency Network.) And already in 1969 the network linked four universities – the University of California, Stanford, the Universities of Los Angeles, and Santa Barbara. All works received funding from the US Department of Defense. Later, the ARPANET was used by scientists from different fields of science – the network was growing.
In 1973, the network has become international.
In 1983, a new mechanism for access to the ARPANET was commissioned, entitled ‘TCP/IP protocol’. This protocol made it easy to connect to the internet using a telephone line.
At the end of the 1980s the military’s patience came to an end, as the network has evolved from a secret to the public. Therefore, they separated from a part of the network for their own use and called it MILNet.
At the end of the 1990s it became possible to transmit not only text, but also graphics and multimedia information over the network.
Today, internet includes millions of computers connected to each other through various channels from ultrafast satellite data highways to slow switched telephone lines.
It is important to know the history of the internet creation, as it shows the original goal of its invention.
Internet has changed all views on computers and communication, more than any other technological innovation. The invention of the telegraph, radio, telephone and computer became the base for this unprecedented integration of capabilities.