In England in the 16th century, as well as in other European countries, the feudal system dominated: however, the process of decomposition of feudal relations and the development of the capitalist system, both in the city and in the country improved at this time faster than in most other countries. This was the beginning of the process of economic development in England, which created the preconditions of the bourgeois revolution, committed in the middle of 17th century.
The economic history of England in the late Middle Ages is extremely dramatic. The island nation, England, was essentially an agrarian periphery, supplying continent with wool. However, in the 14-15th centuries, in the economy of the country major changes occur that were caused by progressive shifts in the development of English clothes making. The city centers of clothing making began to move out of the city centers to the countryside and trading towns. In addition, after the end of the Hundred Years War the export of English wool to the continent again has significantly increased. Favorable conditions for this were the development of clothing making industries in the Netherlands. Speaking of the beginning of the Agriculture revolution in England in the late 15th century, some scientists point out wool factories that were flourishing in Flanders gave the immediate impetus for agriculture revolution in England, as well as higher prices for wool.
The process of the forcible dispossession of the peasants was the primary means of agriculture changes in England, the essence of which was the restructuring of feudal tenure in the bourgeois.
In a closed economy, which is not self-sufficient in food, the increase in productivity of the manufacturing production cannot help cope with hunger. There are only two ways out: either to increase food self-sufficiency or the economy must be open and import food. But it is impossible to import food if around there are other countries, where hunger reigns.
The main reasons for the British industrial revolution was the fact that people have solved a centuries-old problem of providing food and started to address other issues.
The fact that the food problem has been solved was obvious by two facts: multiple population growth and increase in the share of the urban population of the Earth.
In the second half of the 16th century, England started an active colonial policy; it is beginning to create a colonial empire as a result of the development of industry and trade.
In England in the 16th century, as well as in other European countries, the feudal system dominated: however, the process of decomposition of feudal relations and the development of the capitalist system, both in the city and in the country improved at this time faster than in most other countries.