In the early 1960s, psychologist Albert Bandura decided to find out whether children tend to imitate the aggressive behavior of adults. He took a huge inflatable doll clown, which he called Bobo, and directed the film about how an aunt scolds Bobo, kicks, and even beats him with a hammer. Then he showed the video to one group of 24 preschoolers, to the other group he showed a video without violence, and to the third group he did not show anything.
Then all three groups were put together in a room with a clown Bobo. Also, there were a few hammers and even toy guns in the room.
Children who watched violent video without wasting any time started to torment Bobo. One boy put a gun to his head and began to whisper something about how happy he’d be to knock out his brains. In the other two groups, there were no signs of violence.
After Bandura presented his findings to the scientific community, there were a lot of skeptics saying that all this does not prove anything, as a rubber doll was made up for kicking.
Then Pandora made a film with the bullying of a live adult man wearing a clown costume, then gathered more children and showed them his video. And again when kids ran into the room to live Bobo, as many of you may have guessed, children who watched a violent video began to insult, beat, and kick the a live Bobo with the same zeal as the first time. This time, no one dared to challenge Bandura’s findings.
In the industrialized world, 98% of households have a TV. Television creates a global pop culture. The average family watches TV for up to 7 hours per day.
For 30 years, Dr. J. Gerbner and his colleagues daily studied the broadcasting network in primetime and Saturday morning programs. They found out that two out of three programs contain scenes of violence.
According to the research, watching blockbusters at the age of 8 years old in a moderate degree determines the aggressiveness at the age of 19 years old, but the aggressiveness at 8 years old does not prejudge the interest in blockbusters at the age of 19 years old.
Everywhere and always with the advent of television the number of murders increased. In Canada and the United States between 1957 and 1974 with the spread of television there were twice more committed murders.
Contemporary art alters and distorts the child’s psyche, affecting the imagination, giving new settings and behaviors. From the virtual world to the children’s consciousness burst false and dangerous values: aggression, coarse and vulgar behavior, which leads to hyperexcitability of children.
Computers and TV robs children of their childhood. Instead of games, experience of real emotions and feelings and communication with peers and parents, self-knowledge through the surrounding living world, children watch TV and play on a computer, depriving themselves of the opportunity of development, which is given to a man only in childhood.
In the early 1960s, psychologist Albert Bandura decided to find out whether children tend to imitate the aggressive behavior of adults. He took a huge inflatable doll clown, which he called Bobo, and directed the film about how an aunt scolds Bobo, kicks, and even beats him with a hammer.