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Catholicism in Eighteenth-Century England

Christianity appeared in England in the first century AD. In 597, by order of Pope Gregory I the Great the first official apostolic mission arrived in the Kingdom of Kent, which has established links with Rome. In 598, Augustine of Canterbury, a Benedictine monk, became the first Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury.

In 1534 at the initiative of King Henry VIII the Reformation of Church was held, which resulted in the separation of Catholic Church of England from the worldwide Catholic Church and formation of a new Church of England at the head of which stood the king. When Henry VIII did not get permission from the Pope to divorce Catherine of Aragon and a blessing for a new marriage to Anne Boleyn, he adopted the Act of Supremacy. With this act, the king was declared the only supreme head of the church on the territory of England. He became its protector, the sovereign owner and administrator of church property, income, rights and honors. After the adoption of the act, Catholic monasteries and abbeys were closing, and their property was alienated in favor of the monarch. The Church of England gradually acquired the status of the state. Recognition of the supreme King, both in secular and in religious matters, was required of all submitted when applying for public service. All those who disagreed with the state church were persecuted without making an exception for the Protestants.

During the reign of the son of Henry VIII, Edward VI, the church of England began to increasingly be influenced by Protestantism. After the death of the young king, his sister, Queen Mary I, came to power and brought up on the traditions of Catholicism, she returned the Church of England to the bosom of World Catholic Church in 1555. However, the reunion did not last long, as the next Queen of England, Elizabeth I, severed the connection of Church of England and Rome in 1570. The Catholic Church has maintained its presence in England, but went underground until 1832, when the Act on Freedom of Catholics was published, which greatly weakened or even canceled many restrictions imposed on the Catholic Church in England. Pope Pius IX restored the Catholic hierarchy in England and Wales in 1850, and established 13 new dioceses instead of suffragan areas that existed previously.

Discrimination against Catholics persisted until 1829, when for the confirmation of deputy powers, the recognition of belonging to the Christian religion was sufficient. However, no Jew without renouncing Judaism could become a member of the British Parliament.

Christianity appeared in England in the first century AD. In 597, by order of Pope Gregory I the Great the first official apostolic mission arrived in the Kingdom of Kent, which has established links with Rome. In 598, Augustine of Canterbury, a Benedictine monk, became the first Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury.

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Assignment ID
100000411
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CREATED ON
July 1, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 2, 2016
Price
$34
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Essay Example Comments
horatiubufnea29
December 3, 2016
horatiubufnea29
Great work , just in time
jaypatel4u1044
December 1, 2016
jaypatel4u1044
great writer.
mohit0626
November 30, 2016
mohit0626
AMAZING WORK!!