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Armed and Unmanned Autonomous Aerial Vehicles

The US military has been actively working in the field of armed and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

One of the most important programs in the area of advanced combat UAV programs was carried out by the DARPA in the interests of the Air Force and the US Navy.

Among the factors that determine the need for and relevance of the work in the field of armed UAVs in the US, are the following:

  • Factors that limit response time and access to the threatened areas.
  • The ability of the armed forces to respond quickly to threats to the United States is considered as an important tool to achieve deterrence and political decision-making. However, this ability can be considerably complicated for remote areas due to restrictions on access to foreign ports, airfields and, accordingly, the battle area. Thus, the design of UAVs is important in reaching such areas.
  • Requirements of covering the district area of fighting with destruction weapons.
  • One of the advantages, which armed UAVs have in comparison to the manned aircraft, is the independence of the maximum flight time from the physiological features of the flight crew. This is a significant advantage in the context of operational and strategic requirements. Thus, the armed UAV is better because it is good for long loitering (including the refueling in the air); it can survive in enemy countermeasures; it can defeat the detected targets according to the issued purposes of target designation.

A key problem in designing UAVs is finding the compromise between the dimensions of UAVs, combat survival, the size of ammunition, and the cost.

Armed UAVs have distinct advantage over manned systems, requiring agility, but this is not their only plus. The use of drones is not associated with the risk of loss of the crew, which expands the terms of their management, including in situations where enemy air defenses pose too high a risk of loss for manned systems. This should not imply that the loss of the UAV does not cost anything. According to the dimension and the cost impact of UAVs, they can be compared with manned aircraft, so they cannot be regarded as a disposable system.

Using UAVs potentially reduces the time required to respond in a rapidly developing crisis, when it is taken in line with a political solution.

Until recently, a significant problem for the UAV was the lack of reliability and the complexity of operating in a combat situation. UAVs are used primarily for surveillance, as in combat conditions, they can carry a large loss. One of the objectives of the designing programs of UAVs is a solution to these problems and creation of armed UAVs that would be fully functional and reliable in combat missions.

The US military has been actively working in the field of armed and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

One of the most important programs in the area of advanced combat UAV programs was carried out by the DARPA in the interests of the Air Force and the US Navy.

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Assignment ID
100000398
Discipline
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CREATED ON
July 1, 2016
COMPLETED ON
July 2, 2016
Price
$38
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Essay Example Comments
akumueric315
November 24, 2016
akumueric315
A* A* A*
akumueric315
November 24, 2016
akumueric315
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akumueric315
November 24, 2016
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