Germany is a democratic republic (to be exact – federal parliamentary republic). Despite there is a multi-party system, since 1949 year there are two main parties - the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Basic Law (constitution) of Germany is the Grundgesetz, which was enacted in 1949 year. As in other progressive countries, the judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature in Germany. Germany is one of the most active countries in the EU process. It was a founding member of the European community in 1958 (EU from 1993 year), it is a member of Eurozone since 1999 and also a part of the Schengen Area. Germany is an active member of the United Nations, the G8, the OECD, NATO, and the G20.
In the last decade (since 2005 year and until these days) Angela Merkel is as chancellor. She became chair due to the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) crisis in 2005 year and was re-elected twice. In 2013 year she was promoted by the CDU/CSU and FDP together.
Continues refugee crisis and the success of alternative right parties, such as Alternative für Deutschland, can lead to the course changing in Germany. However, Angela Merkel is not going to do that yet. She thinks that the success of the Alternative für Deutschland is a temporary thing. Anyway, this party showed pretty significant results for the alternative party. They took about 24% of the vote in Saxony-Anhalt, about 15% in Baden-Württemberg, and more than 12% in Rhineland-Palatinate. Many analytics pay a very careful attention to the situation, because it will influence the whole direction for the Europe. It is not surprising, because analytics traditionally call Germany as the locomotive of the European economy. The refugee crisis in Germany is only a part of the significant process that goes in Europe. Actions that UK does are also a part of this process. The fact that the UK referendum showed the wish of English people to exit the EU shows that the situation is very serious. However, many analytics think that these processes cannot change the tendency – we live in a new world where isolated countries have fewer chances for success and the union is unavoidable. However, such parties as the Alternative für Deutschland offer totally different message to people and already have many followers. Now we can only wait to see what future will bring.
Germany is a democratic republic (to be exact – federal parliamentary republic). Despite there is a multi-party system, since 1949 year there are two main parties - the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) and the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Basic Law (constitution) of Germany is the Grundgesetz, which was enacted in 1949 year.