The idea to write a work on the theme of Christmas came to Charles Dickens on his way to Manchester, where he was invited to make a presentation on the importance of training for employees of factories and plants. Then he decided to write an essay for workers so that even the poorest people could afford to buy (for a nominal fee of 5 shillings) and read a good book. He wanted the poor to have faith and hope in their lives. A Christmas Carol in London was the beginning of a series of Christmas books, which includes three stories. These books were published before Christmas. Charles Dickens published them at his own expense, convinced that education and training would help solve the problems of poverty and crime in society.
In the first verse, the ghost of the deceased Marley came to Scrooge as a reminder of spiritual death. From Marley’s words a reader learns that he is sorry about the years lived in vain. He didn’t do enough good things that is why his soul is doomed to suffer after death. The ghost of Marley wants to make Scrooge humane and kind. This should help cruel and greedy Scrooge rethink his life and relationships with people.
In the second verse, Scrooge’s past is shown. He meets the first ghost – Spirit of Ancient Christmas. It helps Scrooge look at his life, and his soul was startled by what he saw. He remembered that he refused from everything he loved and appreciated for the sake of money. Scrooge saw his real face and was horrified, so he wanted to put out the light to hide the truth.
In the third verse, Scrooge meets the second Ghost, Ghost of Present Christmas. It shows Scrooge how poor people live – in spite of poverty, they love each other, and understanding and comfort reign in their homes. Scrooge realizes that he lacks the most important –spiritual values (love, family, and friendship). He began to regret it, feeling very lonely. His character begins to change; he starts to understand the true value of life and humanity.
In the fourth verse, Scrooge meets the third Ghost – Spirit of Future Christmas. Scrooge realizes the important truths. He possessed great wealth, but was he happy? Every day Scrooge worked and increased his capital by saving money and lying to people. His soul was dead. Therefore, in the fourth verse, motif of death occurs again that constantly sounds in the story. The writer describes real deaths of different people. However, no less horrible is the spiritual death of a person, that is, a life without a care for others people, mercy, and goodness of creation. Such a man is dead for everybody even when being alive. To show Scrooge the terrible consequences of his soulless existence, Ghost brings him into the future and reveals his own death.
The idea to write a work on the theme of Christmas came to Charles Dickens on his way to Manchester, where he was invited to make a presentation on the importance of training for employees of factories and plants. Then he decided to write an essay for workers so that even the poorest people could afford to buy (for a nominal fee of 5 shillings) and read a good book.