Nowadays, ethnicity and race are essential concepts of sociology and that’s why they are studied a lot. When it comes to the race, it plays an important role in the everyday interactions of many people. Sociologists want to study why, how, and what the outcomes of these interactions are. The race is all about the human population that is distinct in some way from others based on their imagined or real physical differences. This means that all existing racial classifications are based on the idea of biological classification of people according to their basic morphological features, including skin colors, facial characteristics, etc.
People are classified externally into a certain racial group, but they can’t choose where they belong as a part of their identities. Keep in mind that the conceptions of race and certain racial groups can be quite controversial because of their huge impact on people’s social identities and how they influence a position of a certain individual in existing social hierarchies.
When it comes to ethnicity, you should understand that this term is related to the race, but it describes the social traits that are shared by a particular human population, but not their physical characteristics and features. There are different social traits used for people’s ethnic classification, and some of the most important ones include religions, nationality, tribes, shared languages and culture, traditions, etc.
Unlike races, ethnicity is not externally assigned by others because this term is more focused on a connection of a certain group to a shared culture and history. Keep in mind that the race is a socially defined category that is based on perceived or real biological differences between different groups of people, while ethnicity is also a socially defined category, but it’s based on common religions, languages, history, nationality, and other key cultural factors. All sociologists see ethnicity and race as valuable social constructions as they aren’t rooted in certain biological differences and tend to change over time so that they can’t have any firm boundaries.
Finally, you shouldn’t overlook the sociological meaning of racism and ethnic groups. The classification of people into different ethnic groups and races has a great impact on their political and social lives. The main reason is that it leads to such unwanted elements as racial inferiority, superiority, and others that affect the lives of specific ethnic groups.
Nowadays, ethnicity and race are essential concepts of sociology and that’s why they are studied a lot. When it comes to the race, it plays an important role in the everyday interactions of many people. Sociologists want to study why, how, and what the outcomes of these interactions are.