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Preventive Measures on Computer Crimes

Almost all types of computer crimes can somehow be prevented. World experience shows that in order to solve this problem, law enforcement authorities need to use a variety of preventive measures. In this case, preventive measures should be understood as an activity directed at delineation and eliminating the causes of crime and conditions contributing to their occurrence.

Currently, there are two main groups of measures for the prevention of computer crimes.

Legal preventive measures primarily include the rules of law that establish criminal liability for wrongful acts in the computer field. If we look back into history, we can see that the first regulatory act of this kind was adopted by the US states of Florida and Arizona in 1978. This law was called “Computer crime act of 1978”. Then, almost all American states have adopted similar laws. These legal acts have become the foundation for the further development of legislation in order to implement measures to prevent computer crimes. These legal acts were a progressive step in the development of the preventive measures on computer crimes, as they do the following:

  • Give the legal definition to the main components of information technology.
  • Establish and reinforce the rights and obligations of owners of these objects.
  • Determine the legal regime of functioning of information technology.
  • Define access categories to specific information.
  • Establish privacy categories of data and information.
  • Give definition and boundaries of the legal usage of the notion ‘confidential information’.

Such laws apply in Western countries for more than 20 years.

The second group of measures is technical and organizational measures. These measures include compliance of management procedures to computer security requirements; development of issues of technical protection of computer rooms and computer equipment; development of data standards and computer security standards; implementation of personnel policy in order to ensure computer security.

For example, the US National Bureau of Standards developed basic safety requirements applicable to computer networks. They include adequacy (a guarantee that the network is suitable for ensuring authorized access); controlled access (a guarantee that the network will provide access to only authorized users); integrity (protection of data from unauthorized changes and their destruction); confidentiality (data protection from unauthorized disclosure); safety of data (an insurance that the identification of users, the quality of the transmitted data, the time and duration of the data are provided).

Almost all types of computer crimes can somehow be prevented. World experience shows that in order to solve this problem, law enforcement authorities need to use a variety of preventive measures. In this case, preventive measures should be understood as an activity directed at delineation and eliminating the causes of crime and conditions contributing to their occurrence.

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Assignment ID
100000318
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CREATED ON
June 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 27, 2016
Price
$37
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