Moliere is a nickname, which was taken in the beginning of the theatrical career by Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. He was born in 1622 in the family of a wealthy Parisian bourgeois. After college, Poquelin passed the exam for the title of licentiate of rights at the University of Orleans. Not using the lawyer’s diploma, in January 1643, he refused to inherit his father’s footsteps and work in the shop of upholsterers. Six months later, Moliere and his friends made an attempt to organize a theater, but it did not last even two years.
Moliere began wandering through the provinces. He became the organizer of the troupe, and this is probably the time, when he started to write his first plays. Province with its religious fanaticism and tyranny inspired Moliere to write Tartuffe and Don Giovanni. The author came into contact with the polygonal representations, rich hints of political and social criticism.
In 1661, the theater got a place in Paris, close to the palace, and Moliere became a steward of the palace holidays, and found an opportunity to insert a serious play into a lush court performance.
The most important play written by Moliere at that time is Tartuffe. Moliere’s humanism is so great that it gives the opportunity to negative characters to change, but his judgment on hypocrisy is ruthless.
The comedy Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme centers on the events in the home of a rich bourgeois. The main purpose of the house owner is to become a nobleman. Jourdain is a bourgeois, who wants to become a marquis. To reach this goal he began learning how to dance and fencing, philosophy and graceful manners. But his teachers are cheats and swindlers. Comical scenes with his wife and servant show the absurdity and deep misconceptions of Jourdain. The culmination is the 5th and 6th scenes of the fourth act, when his servant announces that Jourdain is a son of a nobleman, and then woos his daughter to the son of the Sultan of Turkey. The scene emphasizes the comic absurdity of Jourdain.
Moliere also wrote the play The Imaginary Invalid, which he created, when he was already very sick. In the play Moliere described the goodness of a man and its effectiveness. He ridiculed greed and hypocrisy.
Moliere played in the theater until his last breath. On February 17, 1673, during the 4th performance of The Imaginary Invalid, the writer became ill. He finished the play, but died in the evening.
Moliere is a nickname, which was taken in the beginning of the theatrical career by Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. He was born in 1622 in the family of a wealthy Parisian bourgeois. After college, Poquelin passed the exam for the title of licentiate of rights at the University of Orleans.