Short story “The Necklace” was written in 1884, and is a fine example of the short story with an unexpected ending, forcing the reader to comprehend the new artistic narrative. In the novel Maupassant raised several vital issues: conflict of desires and possibilities, the discrepancy of spiritual organization of human to social conditions of its existence, the detrimental effects of bourgeois society, human weakness and fear of the more successful people.
The composition of the story is built on the classic principle of the novel. The author introduces the reader to the circumstances of life and the nature of the main character – Ms. Mathilde Loisel. He presents her as a weak human being. She is beautiful and wants to have a better life, surrounded by fine things and people. The plot of the novel is the natural continuation of the exposition.
The conflict has a bi-directional nature: Ms. Loiselle, who is constantly struggling with herself, forced to face external circumstances.
The climax of the novel is when the characters return home, where Matilda and her husband find the necklace went missing. At first, the characters are looking for an original piece of jewelery, but then decide to compensate it by ordering a replica from a jeweler. Having given the necklace to the hostess, Loisels become poor for ten years. A sudden meeting of Matilda with Mrs. Forestier on the Champs Elysees surprises everyone with unexpected ending: a diamond necklace was a fake like the rest of the world, Matilda was so eager to get attached to.
As for semantic relation, “The Necklace” is split into three parts: the first part presents a calm and secure life of Mrs. Loiselle as the wife of a petty official; the second part describes the ball and consequential misadventures of the main characters; the third part (the smallest) describes workdays of Mrs. Loiselle, forced to eke out a miserable life of a commoner.
Artistic image of Mrs. Loiselle is psychologically adjusted and volatile: she is gentle, delicate, has a subtle sense of beauty and wealth, and severely suffers beyond the circle of things and people she likes. Her husband, Mr. Loiselle from the beginning of the narrative is a solid character: he is proud of his work, he is comfortable in their own environment, he loves his wife, and is ready to give her everything he’s got. Mr. Loisel perceives the loss necklaces with due humility and as a man of exceptional integrity, solves the problem by opting for the momentary pleasure of the woman he loves his legacy and ordinary life in an apartment with a maid.
Short story “The Necklace” was written in 1884, and is a fine example of the short story with an unexpected ending, forcing the reader to comprehend the new artistic narrative.