One of the main problems women face in the Third World in the low status put on their lives and hence their families, societies and communities. Another problem they face is inadequate participation in development and growth. Women’s access to income, employment, and economic resources had gotten worse. The burden of the work had increased, and their health, educational, and nutritional status has declined. Limited access is caused due to the difficulties of surmounting traditional and cultural views and prejudices towards women’s participation in social and economic life.
The power of women in the Third World is very limited. They are thought to be second class citizens and mostly men impose this point of view on them. In India, boys are thought to be an asset to the family. In India, it is believed to be too expensive to educate girls. Parents have to make a decision whether to send their daughter to study or prepare a dowry for her instead. A woman must marry a man her parents find for her. In case they don’t give birth to boys, in-laws consider them useless.
In India, young girls always work, while boys are playing. When they are suffering they shouldn’t complain otherwise they will disgrace the family. Girls are usually being undernourished. One quarter of them die by the age of fifteen. Without education or any other skills women don’t have the power to make their own choices.
Systems of male domination deny or limit women’s access to economic resources and political participation. The specifics of subordination are different across regions, historical time periods and classes. Gender-based subordination is deeply set in the consciousness of both men and women, because it is thought to be a part of the natural biological differences between them. These beliefs become stronger through religious views, cultural practices, and educational systems.
Religion plays a great part in the subordination of women. It is the power to control population. In one religion in Ethiopia, it is believed that it is the will of the god Ala to have as many children as possible and thus many women are forced to have many children by their husbands.
In Nepal, women can’t access artificial contraception, as the Hindu religion thinks it is a sin to use it.
The subordination of women has a long history and is deeply penetrated in political, economic, and cultural processes. The cultural subordination of women has strengthened male control of resources and power, and the split of labor that have cherished male privileges.
One of the main problems women face in the Third World in the low status put on their lives and hence their families, societies and communities. Another problem they face is inadequate participation in development and growth. Women’s access to income, employment, and economic resources had gotten worse.