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Timeline for Civil Rights Movement: first decisive steps to racial equality
Talking about Civil Rights Movement in the USA we normally mean the fight of American citizens for their rights and freedoms. African Americans are the group of people who have been deliberately asserting their own rights since the US was established as a state. Compared to the whites African Americans’ rights were roughly restricted. This led to the growing unrest among those of another skin colour. The history of the past centuries secures many important events that occurred on the path to democracy and equality.
Here are the landmark episodes of this movement of the 18th and 19th centuries:
July 2, 1777 – Vermont becomes the first territory where slavery was abolished.
1780 – Pennsylvania was the first state to ban slavery by the law which gave freedom to the children of slaves.
March 3, 1820 – Enacting the Missouri Compromise banning slavery everywhere in the north; however, the south remained a slave-owning region.
April 12, 1861– The outbreak of the Civil War. Thousands of black slaves escaped looking for freedom in Union lines.
July 17th, 1862 – President Abraham Lincoln with the support from Congress gave the black population the right to join the military service.
January 31, 1865 – The Thirteenth Amendment was ratified and officially abolished the slavery in the US.
July 28th, 1868 – The Fourteenth Amendment cancelled the Black Codes law and guaranteed citizenship and civil rights to those who were born in the US.
March 30th, 1870 – all male citizens of the US were given the right to vote including those who had been slaves before.
March 1st, 1875 - Civil Rights Act was adopted. It gave to the black population the right to use public transportation on an equality with the whites. All American citizens regardless of race were allowed to use public places, use the same workplace facilities as the whites did. However, in 1883 Civil Rights Act was declared unconstitutional. Thus, individual states were allowed to go beyond the law and pass the regulations discriminating the rights of the black people.
These were the first vital legislations to put an end to the racial intolerance and empower the black population with the rights and freedoms equal to the whites. Yet, in the years since African Americans were to go a thorny way against the white terror to finally get equal access to accommodation, health service, education, jobs and other social benefits.
Talking about Civil Rights Movement in the USA we normally mean the fight of American citizens for their rights and freedoms. African Americans are the group of people who have been deliberately asserting their own rights since the US was established as a state. Compared to the whites African Americans’ rights were roughly restricted.