Depression is not only melancholy or the blues, or normal daily ups and downs. When a depressed mood, along with other symptoms, lasts for several weeks, then a person in such a condition may suffer clinical depression. Clinical depression is a serious problem to health that affects all sides of human life. In addition to the fact that depression affects emotions, it can affect a person’s behavior, physical health and appearance, academic performance, social activity and the ability to cope with everyday problems and stresses.
All of the causes of depression are not yet known, however, there are special emotional and biological factors that may increase the possibility a person may develop a depressive disorder. Studies in the last decade strongly suggest the presence of a genetic predisposition to depressive illness. Depression can be a hereditary disease. Difficult life circumstances and certain personal characteristics, such as problems in the ability to cope with stress, self-esteem and loss of excessive pessimism about the future can increase the likelihood of developing depression.
Contrary to the opinion, clinical depression is a very common disease. Every year, more than 19 million Americans suffer from it. Every fourth woman experiences at least one episode or a case of depression during the life. Depression affects the lives of people of any age, including adolescents. Each year, about 3% to 5% of adolescents experience clinical depression. This means that one of your 25 friends may suffer clinical depression.
Depression can be a very serious disease. Poor school performance is associated with it, as well as truancy, alcohol and drug abuse, leaving home and feelings of hopelessness and failure. In the past 25 years, the suicide rate among adolescents and young people has increased dramatically. Suicide is often associated with depression.
There are various forms and types of depression. Some people experience only one episode of depression in a lifetime, while others suffer from it quite often. Some depressive episodes begin suddenly, without any apparent reason, while the emergence of other accidents can be associated with a certain life situation or under stress. Sometimes people who are depressed cannot do even the simplest activities, like getting out of bed and getting dressed; others continue to unconsciously follow the routine life, but it is clear that they act and think not as usual. Some people suffer from bipolar disorder, when there are two extremes of mood – deep despair gives way to an extraordinary volubility, or activity, or exaggerated ideas about their abilities.
Depression is not only melancholy or the blues, or normal daily ups and downs. When a depressed mood, along with other symptoms, lasts for several weeks, then a person in such a condition may suffer clinical depression. Clinical depression is a serious problem to health that affects all sides of human life.