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The Life of Frederick Barbarossa

Frederick Barbarossa’s date of birth is not known. His nickname, Barbarossa, Friedrich received because of a color of his beard. He has been known for an extraordinary militancy and constant desire for territorial expansion.

Frederick Barbarossa became a German king in 1125. He created huge European army, the main force of which was heavy cavalry chivalrous, chained in steel armor. Frederick was recognized as a classic of medieval military art. During his rule German knighthood became an example for many other national knightly organizations in Europe.

Frederick Barbarossa demanded that the German knights mastered all seven knightly arts – horseback riding, swimming, archery, pugilism, falconry, chess, and composition of verses.

German king himself together with his German knights perfected his martial arts in constant internecine feudal wars.

In 1152, Frederick Barbarossa became the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, which included numerous German states and the territory of modern Austria. After becoming an emperor, Frederick began to pursue an aggressive policy that met the interests of the German feudal lords. He tried to subordinate rich Lombard city-states of northern Italy. Frederick made five conquests in northern Italy.

During the first conquests, the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa was able to subdue the Holy Roman Empire, many Lombard city-states that were either paying off to the Germans, or were taken by storm.

However, in 1167, 16 cities were united in Lombard League to oppose Barbarossa. The decisive battle between the armies of the Lombard League and the Holy Roman Empire happened on May 29, 1176 near the city of Legnano. This battle is notable for the fact that it faced the pedestrian urban militia and equestrian knightly army.

Foot militia of the Lombard League defeated Barbarossa knights. Frederick Barbarossa himself was knocked from his horse, lost his imperial banner and shield, and barely escaped from his pursuers.

Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire actually capitulated to the Lombard League. He restored the self-government of subservient Lombard cities and waived his right to appoint his own officials there. Frederick Barbarossa returned all captured estates to the Pope.

The year of 1189 marked the beginning of the Third Crusade to the Holy Land. It was headed by three of the most important European monarchs – Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, French King Philip II Augustus, and English King Richard the Lionheart. However, the German commander was not able to reach the Holy Land. When crossing the river Salef, Frederick drowned. After his death, the German army began to disintegrate.

Frederick Barbarossa’s date of birth is not known. His nickname, Barbarossa, Friedrich received because of a color of his beard. He has been known for an extraordinary militancy and constant desire for territorial expansion.

Frederick Barbarossa became a German king in 1125. He created huge European army, the main force of which was heavy cavalry chivalrous, chained in steel armor.

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100000249
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CREATED ON
June 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 26, 2016
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$49
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