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King Henry IV's Biography

Henry IV, King of England and the Lord of Ireland, ruled the country from 1399 to 1413. Born on April 15, 1367, he was the son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster. In 1377 Henry was conferred a title of Earl of Derby. Three years afterwards he married Mary de Bohun. After Mary’s death Henry IV got married to Joanna, the daughter of Charles the Bad, King of Navarre. From his first wife, he had six children.

Henry was in opposition to Richard II and his retinue. Despite Richard II was his first cousin, in the adulthood Henry was on bad terms with him. In 1387 he supported the rebellion against Richard II. Richard II put down a revolt but instead of punishing Henry made him the Duke of Hereford. Henry wanted some adventure and in 1390 he left England for Lithuania to serve with the Teutonic knights. In 1392 he travelled to Venice, Cyprus and undertook a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

In July 1399 Henry headed a revolt against Richard and made him surrender. Parliament forced Richard II to abdicate. At the same time, Henry claimed his right to become the king by the title of blood. On September 30, 1399, he was crowned King Henry IV of England. At the beginning of his reign Henry IV faced unpleasant domestic troubles: disputes with Scotland and France and power pretensions from The Percies.

The next year turned out to be a heat period in his reign. First, he had to crush a revolt of Richard’s friends. Then he failed the expedition to Scotland and therefore came under criticism by the French court. During the next two years, Henry IV had unsuccessful invasions in Wales. Some serious troubles were with Northumberland in the north and the French in the south. He also had to quell a rebellion by Mowbray, the Earl Marshal. Despite poor health, in 1408 Henry IV at last defeated Northumberland and mastered the Welsh rebellion.

Being gravely ill, Henry found it difficult to retain the power. The House of Commons established a council and Henry had to put up with its advice. The great strike below the belt was received from Thomas Beaufort. He and Henry, Bishop of Winchester withdrew Archbishop Arundel and together with the council had been controlling the government for two years.

In 1411 Henry IV found his strengths to discharge the prince and his supporters. That was followed by several successful stabilization policies, but soon Henry’s health seriously declined. On the 20th of March 1413, Henry IV fainted during the praying in Westminster Abbey and the same evening he died.

Henry IV, King of England and the Lord of Ireland, ruled the country from 1399 to 1413. Born on April 15, 1367, he was the son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster. In 1377 Henry was conferred a title of Earl of Derby. Three years afterwards he married Mary de Bohun. After Mary’s death Henry IV got married to Joanna, the daughter of Charles the Bad, King of Navarre.

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100000204
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CREATED ON
June 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 27, 2016
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worldSeriesorbust57
December 8, 2016
worldSeriesorbust57
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December 8, 2016
dashingButler65
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December 7, 2016
2030 Mohammed
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