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The Psychoactive Drugs and Their Classification

Their role in treating different mental diseases depends on a specific medical condition. When it comes to those ailments that are biological in their nature, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, these drugs should be used as the main treatment method. When dealing with dissociative or personality disorder, they should be considered a secondary treatment. Their basic purpose is to provide patients with the relief of their symptoms, but it’s necessary to work on existing mental issues with doctors.

Their Main Categories

Basically, all psychoactive drugs are divided into a few major categories, such as the following:

  • Anti-anxiety agents. These meds are taken to treat specific anxiety disorders and their key symptoms, and they include benzodiazepines and other drugs.
  • Antidepressants. They are prescribed by doctors to treat such serious ailments as depression, bipolar disorder, etc. There are many popular antidepressants taken by people, such as MAO inhibitors, SSRIs, and others.
  • Antimanic agents. This broad category includes the meds taken to treat mania roots and symptoms if this medical condition is associated with bipolar disorder. They include such popular medications as Lithium and Depakote.
  • Anti-panic agents. It’s advisable to take them to get rid of panic symptoms, which are common for many anxiety disorders. These meds include Paxil, Zoloft, and so on.
  • Antipsychotic agents. They are also known as effective neuroleptic agents and are taken to manage the psychosis related to such dangerous ailments ad schizophrenia This category includes many brand and generic names, such as Clozaril, Haldol, Moban, and others.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder meds. They are taken to treat OCD and include Prozac, Luvox, etc.
  • Psychostimulants. They are also called the stimulants of the central nervous system and patients often take them to treat such mental diseases as narcolepsy, ADD, and others. This important category includes Ritalin, Dexedrine, and other meds.

Side Effects of Their Intake

There are different adverse effects associated with the intake of these drugs. They often include drowsiness, dry mouth, tremor, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, headaches, agitation, sweating, skin rash, unusual weight loss, insomnia, and others. The good news is that they are rare and most of them are not serious. Before starting any treatment, it’s necessary to consult with a qualified doctor.

Their role in treating different mental diseases depends on a specific medical condition. When it comes to those ailments that are biological in their nature, including schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, these drugs should be used as the main treatment method. When dealing with dissociative or personality disorder, they should be considered a secondary treatment.

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100000196
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CREATED ON
June 26, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 27, 2016
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$42
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