Islam is a monotheistic religion, one of the world’s religions, along with Christianity and Buddhism. The followers of Islam are Muslims. Islam appeared in 7th century in Arabia. Its founder was Mohammed. Islam was developed under the significant influence of Judaism and Christianity. As a result of the Arab conquests, Islam spread to Middle East, and later to some countries of the Far East, South-Eastern Asia, and Africa. The main principles of Islam described in the Koran.
Koran is the main Muslim holy book, a collection of sermons, ritual and legal precepts, prayers, edifying stories and parables uttered by Muhammad in Mecca and Medina. The earliest records date back to the 7th-8th centuries. It originated in the Hejaz among the Arab tribes of the Western Arabia.
The main tenets are the worship of the One God, the Almighty God, Allah, and the worship of the Prophet Muhammad, the messenger of Allah. Muslims believe in the immortality of the soul and the afterlife. Five main pillars of Islam are the following:
The legal system of Islam is developed in Sharia, a set of Islamic legal and theological norms enunciated by Islam eternal and immutable fruit of divine precepts.
In the 8th-9th centuries, Sufism was created, the mystical branch of Islam. Sufism is characterized by a combination of metaphysics with the ascetic practice. It is a teaching about the gradual approximation through a mystical love for the knowledge of God and the merge with it. It had a great influence on the Arab and especially Persian poetry. In almost all countries with a predominantly Muslim population, Islam is the state religion.
Mohammed is the founder of Islam and is revered as a prophet. According to the legend, Mohammed received a revelation of God and made a speech in Mecca to preach the new faith. Later, he together with the followers was forced to migrate to Medina. Then they conquered Mecca, and a considerable part of Arabia, Muhammad became the head of a theocratic state.
Muhammad is not only a preacher, but also a theocratic ruler, dictating to adherents norms of behavior in different areas of life. Before Muhammad, the Arabs knew only monotheistic religions – Judaism and Christianity.
Islam is a monotheistic religion, one of the world’s religions, along with Christianity and Buddhism. The followers of Islam are Muslims. Islam appeared in 7th century in Arabia. Its founder was Mohammed. Islam was developed under the significant influence of Judaism and Christianity.