Unfortunately, the problem of slavery and human trafficking in the modern world, as well as forced labor, is still relevant. Despite the opposition of the international organizations, it is difficult to stop the problem of human trafficking especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. In these countries local cultural and historical specificity as well as an enormous level of social polarization creates a fertile ground for the preservation of such a terrible thing as slavery. In fact, the slavery networks exist in almost all countries in the world. Some of these countries are mainly exporters of slaves, while other countries are the importers of slaves.
Every year at least 4 million people in the world become victims of traffickers. Most of these people are citizens of underdeveloped Asian and African countries. Traders of human beings get huge profits of billions of dollars. On the illegal market, people are the third most popular product after arms and drugs. In developed countries, most of the enslaved people are represented by illegally retained in captivity women and girls who have are forced to do prostitution. However, some of the modern-day slaves also are forced to work for free on the agriculture and construction sites, industrial plants, as well as in private households as domestic servants.
The most massive and, perhaps, extensive human trafficking is connected with the supply of women and girls, as well as young boys to the sex industry. Considering the special interest that people have always had to sexuality, sexual slavery is widely covered in the world press. Police in most countries of the world is struggling with illegal brothels, periodically releasing illegally detained people there and bringing to justice the organizers of the lucrative business.
Another form of slavery, which is still widespread in the modern world is forced unpaid labor in the household. More often citizens of African and Asian countries become free household slaves. Domestic slavery can be mostly seen in West and East Africa, as well as among the diaspora of immigrants from African countries living in Europe and the United States.
One of the most common types of slavery is child labor in agricultural work, factories and mines. In total at least 250 million children are exploited in the world, with 153 million children exploited in Asia, and 80 million in Africa.
Till socio-economic, cultural and political causes of slavery and the slave trade won’t be eliminated, it would be premature to talk about eradicating these phenomena on a global scale.
Unfortunately, the problem of slavery and human trafficking in the modern world, as well as forced labor, is still relevant. Despite the opposition of the international organizations, it is difficult to stop the problem of human trafficking especially in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.