Truman in somewhat accidentally became vice-president for the fourth term of Roosevelt’s presidency and have never belonged to one of his closest associates. The Vice President was not even informed about the so-called Manhattan Project – the American program of developing nuclear weapons. However, on April 12, 1945, just after 2 hours 24 minutes after the sudden death of Roosevelt, Truman became the leader of the most powerful country in the world. He was able to ensure the continuity of power and for nearly eight years of his presidency he successfully coped with the historical challenges of America.
Indeed, in the early 1950’s, in the midst of the bloody Korean War, Americans’ support of their president has fallen to its lowest level in history – 23%. Truman’s presidency in the early years endured hurtful defeat by Stalin. However, he could create, and most importantly, put into practice, the so-called Truman doctrine – the doctrine of containment of communism, which replaced the famous Monroe Doctrine, which the United States used in their foreign policy for more than a hundred years. Finally, he was able to stop Stalin’s aggression and the spread of Communist power in the world. He made it the tools of the Cold War, not allowing the start of the Third World. Truman was at the forefront of such organizations as the UN and NATO, which still remain extremely important in the world. And that is why in recent years in the United States Harry Truman is increasingly regarded as one of the greatest presidents in the history of the country.
Truman Doctrine was a foreign policy program, launched after World War II. Publicly it was announced on March 12, 1947. The basis of the doctrine was the policy of containment toward the Soviet Union throughout the world. It was aimed at the revision of the previously formed system of international relations. The Truman Doctrine was an expression of the fight the US and its sympathizers needed for political and economic unipolarity of the world.
Truman Doctrine was aimed to limit the growing forces of socialism, to provide a continuous pressure on the Soviet Union and other socialist bloc countries, as well as for the maintenance of the reactionary forces and regimes. It was used to justify US intervention in the internal affairs of other countries. It laid the foundation for the provision of extensive military aid to other countries. Former US Vice President Henry Wallace described the doctrine as “crazy step toward war, which caused the crisis in international relations”.
Truman in somewhat accidentally became vice-president for the fourth term of Roosevelt’s presidency and have never belonged to one of his closest associates. The Vice President was not even informed about the so-called Manhattan Project – the American program of developing nuclear weapons.