The novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is adjacent to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: there are same characters here and the same time. But in the former novel a more mature attitude of the author is revealed. The author covers all aspects of human experience. Purely artistic evolution of a writer is also evident. The written style of Twain – light, sharp, and sensitive to the nuances of dialect - has now moved to a new quality.
The writer returned to his favorite form of narration in the first person, and made a homeless boy, a child of the people, Huck, the narrator. It had a double effect. Firstly, masterfully reproduced, strong and colorful, truly national language in which the book is written, adds to a novel of an American life a special expression, creates the impression as if America itself has spoken. Secondly, it made it possible to more fully and more deeply reveal the character of the hero and show the formation of his personality.
Huck’s mind is free from romantic clichés, and the nature is formed by reality. He has no external ostensible virtues, but he has all the essential qualities. Nature gave him a solid faithful heart, open to all humiliated and rejecting brazen force, no matter how it is expressed. Huck has a sense of inner independence, forcing him to flee from the pleasure and comfort that offers him the widow of Douglas, in a threatening world. His love of freedom is a rejection of hypocrisy, philistine prosperity, and institutionalized lies.
Huck has a new feature of the character – civil courage. From the first pages of the novel Twain makes Huck an active participant in social conflict. He is a defender and concealer of a runaway slave. Plus, by saving Jim from the slavers, he risks losing his own freedom. Not a fully conscious fight for social justice adds to Huck’s rebellion a much more profound social meaning.
The character of Huck is given in development, and this development is clearly motivated. Huck has grown in the South, where slavery imposes its imprint on the thinking of any person. Twain never for a moment separates the hero from the environment, nurtured it, and at the same time he shows the character in a constant state of struggle against prejudice of that environment. The dialectical contradiction that lies at the basis of the image makes Huck especially vivid and dynamic and gives him a psychological authenticity.
This novel is not only about the legalized slavery of black Americans, but also about the lack of freedom of the white man, enslaved by social conventions and prejudices of the environment.
The novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is adjacent to The Adventures of Tom Sawyer: there are same characters here and the same time. But in the former novel a more mature attitude of the author is revealed. The author covers all aspects of human experience. Purely artistic evolution of a writer is also evident.