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Hispanics or Latino Immigrants: first migration flows to the U.S.

One of the most important features of the recent U.S. history is the immigration from Latin America.

First migration movements to the U.S. began in the times of California Gold Rush and after the U.S.-Mexican War (1846-48) when a new boundary between Mexico and U.S. was established. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo required Mexico to cede one-third of its territory to the USA. Nearly 100,000 of the Mexicans decided to remain in the northern part after the war. Now this area includes Arizona, Texas, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah and parts of other states.

The migration boom began at the beginning of the 20th century caused by the rapid economic development in Western America. Among the main factors that increased Mexican migration to the USA were the expansion of the regional rail system and restrictive migration laws for Asian countries. Eventually, the demand for Mexican manpower was extremely high in such industries as construction, mining, transportation and agriculture.

Mexican revolution greatly increased the number of people who immigrated to the USA. Thus, in 1910 the US had 100,000 Latino immigrants and their number doubled twice within the first two decades. Some statistics show that that in 1930 there were nearly 1,5 million Mexicans living in Texas, California, and Arizona and some other Midwest states.

During the Great Depression, nearly half a million of Latino Immigrants were forced to leave the country. In 1941 the U.S. entered the Second World War and faced the problem of labour shortage because of mobilisation. Under the pressure of the American employers, the Federal Government signed the bilateral labour agreement with the Mexican authorities. The previous repatriation campaigns Hispanics suffered from humiliation and initially the Mexican government declined the proposal, however, the U.S. officials convinced it by promising a range of social and financial support to Latino workers. Thousands of Hispanics came to the U.S. due to the Bracero Program which provided contract labour in good conditions. By the end of the program (1964), the number of Latinos had approached to 5 million.

Now Latino population in the USA comprises 17 percent of the US population. Being the second largest ethnic group Hispanics are greatly impacting economic, social, cultural and political spheres of the American life.

One of the most important features of the recent U.S. history is the immigration from Latin America.

First migration movements to the U.S. began in the times of California Gold Rush and after the U.S.-Mexican War (1846-48) when a new boundary between Mexico and U.S. was established. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo required Mexico to cede one-third of its territory to the USA.

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100000160
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CREATED ON
June 25, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 26, 2016
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$23
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Essay Example Comments
judy.washington4646
October 29, 2016
judy.washington4646
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CandiceM
October 26, 2016
CandiceM
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judy.washington4646
October 24, 2016
judy.washington4646
great job