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How to write a research proposal apa

Students in America and Europe write plenty different papers. Find how to write a research proposal apa.

Useful tips on how to write a research proposal apa

If you are going to learn how to write a research proposal apa, you first need to find out what is APA style. APA style is aimed to formalize and unify academic documents for publications, such as books and journals. APA is used to unify academic documents in many spheres – psychology, business, criminology, pedagogy, economy and etcetera. APA stands for American Psychological Association. Accordingly to its style guide called Publication Manual of the APA, APA style is used for clarity of communication and also to reduce words bias. APA is not the only style which used to unify academic documents; people use CSE along with it for slightly different goals. The last edition of the APA’s Publication Manual was released in July 2009 (from 2005 to 2009 year developers were working on some errors in previous editions). By the way, APA style is mainly used in the western academic documents, and there are plenty different styles of writing for countries over the globe. However, all scientists who want to join the world discussion have to follow the APA style. To learn how to write a research proposal apa you should also learn the basic structure of the proposal, learn about types of the proposal and understand the final goal that you want to achieve with the help of it.

What are the main types of proposals?

There are five main types of proposals:

  • Solicited proposals (useful if you already have a specific solicitation from a sponsor)
  • Unsolicited proposals (it is the opposite to the previous type and it is useful in cases where you don’t have any specific solicitation from any sponsors)
  • Preproposals (It is a good way to test the demand for you proposal among sponsors. This type of proposals helps you to save your time and to learn sponsors’ reaction to write a full proposal)
  • Continuation or non-competing proposals (This kind of proposals is used for long term projects when some part of the project is already done. For example, if you are already working with the sponsor for two years and want to continue your work, you need this kind of proposals. It helps people to show the results they have achieved during first stages of the project and to show their intentions and plans for the next stages)
  • Renewal or competing proposals (This is a very delicate type of proposals. Same as the previous type of proposals it is aimed to convince a sponsor to continue work on some specific project. However, this kind of proposal used in cases where financing is going to be stopped. Authors usually try to show how they will fix errors from the previous stages and how their further work on some specific project will lead to success).

Before you will write your proposal, you need to understand the main goal of it. Due to the goal of the proposal you will consciously and subconsciously focus your actions on one or another view of your proposal. Thereby, it will dramatically change the way how to write a research proposal apa. All different types of how to write a research proposal apa can be useful for you in different situations. Basically, these situations can be divided in four different groups due to the factors of terms and cooperation:

  • Initial stage and no specific sponsor - unsolicited proposals and preproposals
  • Initial stage and at least one potential sponsor – solicited proposals
  • Long-term cooperation and continuous sponsorship - continuation or non-competing proposals
  • Long-term cooperation and sponsorship about to be terminated - renewal or competing proposals.

Accordingly to these types of situations you should find the best type of the proposal to make it effective. Anyway, after you will find it, you will still need to stick to the basic structure of how to write a research proposal apa. The basic structure of the research proposal consists of such elements:

  • Title page (Pay some very serious attention to it because many sponsoring agencies specify the format of the title page and have their specific requirement. The way how you follow the requirements of the agency sometimes can show you ability to have professional long term relationships)
  • Abstract (This is like an advertisement of your proposal – it will make a first impression of your idea and sponsor will decide whether or not he will continue to read your paper based on it)
  • Table of Contents (Only a large proposal will need this element of structure. If your proposal is brief you can skip the table of content)
  • Introduction (This element should include such components as Purpose of Research, Statement of Problem, and Significance of Research)
  • Background (Here you should show your awareness and competence in a specific sphere, and demonstrate the importance of your continuing research in this specific field)
  • Description of Proposed Research (It have to include the explanation of your Method or Approach)
  • Description of Relevant Institutional Resources (This is the right place to show the recourses that you and your university have, as well as your competence and etcetera. Prove why your research should be done by you and in this place)
  • List of References (Find a useful style to organize references and use it strictly in all your propose)
  • Personnel (Show here how many different people will be involved in your project and what will be their goal, functions and power. Be very meticulous to specify and explain all the expenses connected to a personnel)
  • Budget (Here you should divide all the costs into four groups – non-personnel, personnel, overhead expenses and administrative expenses. This element of the proposal should include justifications for all expenditures that you have requested)

APA style for the proposal is a sort of basic instruction that you need when there are no other instructions from the side of the sponsoring agency. Most of sponsoring agencies usually require from their customers to follow their specific recommendation for the title page of the proposal. Be very careful to follow these recommendations. The title list is like a face of your proposal, sometimes agencies just don’t read proposal made not accordingly to their recommendations. However, if there are no recommendations from the sponsoring agency, use APA style to make your title list. Include the «running head» in the upper left corner of your title page. It should appear an all pages of your proposal, as well as the page number. The «running head» is the shortened version of the title, so it will be useful information for someone who will read your proposal. Due to the APA, the page number should be placed at the upper right corner. The full title must be centered roughly 1/3 of the down the title page. The title should be double spaced; your name should be placed immediately under below the title. You institution should be written below your name.

When you will write the abstract, it must be titled with the word «Abstract» at the top/middle of the page. Abstract is aimed to summarize your proposal and the problem addressed in it. You abstract should be right below the word «Abstract», thereby, don’t enter any other paragraphs between them. Try to fit your abstract between 150-250 words (with some exceptions).

The size of the proposal usually depends on the project. If it is possible that try to make it brief. The more readable your proposal is, the more chances that it will get to the sponsor’s mind. Brief proposal usually don’t need the table of content. Anyway, if there is a lot of information in your proposal, make the table of content to make it useful for readers. If your proposal have plenty illustrations, figures or tables, than you will accordingly need a list of illustration, list of figures or the list of tables. Anyway, try to keep your proposal as brief as you can. List all the major divisions of the proposal in your table of content.

The introduction is one of the most important parts of the proposal along with the Description of Proposed Research and budget. First thing you have to show in your introduction is the statement of the problem. This part of the introduction answers on the question of issues that your research raises and shows the reason why your research should be sponsored. Secondly, you should identify the purpose of study in your introduction. This should be the simplified answer about the goal of your study. The last thing should be opened in the introduction is the significance of research. This part tells why the area of research is important and slightly touches the background of the topic.

The other parts of the proposal are widely characterized in a diverse literature. To learn the rules, you have to read a lot of sources and clarify all the requirements that some specific sponsoring agencies have. It will depend on the quality of your proposal how quick and effective you sponsor-search will be. If there are any questions about how to write a proposal or you don’t have some recommendations from the side of the sponsoring agency, use APA style as a guide. Identify your position from the stage/terms/sponsors point of view to select the useful style and start writing your proposal. Be sure that everything is possible; you just need to start trying.

Students in America and Europe write plenty different papers. Find how to write a research proposal apa.

Useful tips on how to write a research proposal apa

If you are going to learn how to write a research proposal apa, you first need to find out what is APA style. APA style is aimed to formalize and unify academic documents for publications, such as books and journals.

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100000147
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CREATED ON
June 17, 2016
COMPLETED ON
June 18, 2016
Price
$25
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