The most prevailing eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Both of the illnesses have severe psychological and physiological consequences, and can tremendously disrupt social stability of the patient. Affected people are unsatisfied with their weight and believe that excess weight is the only challenge standing between them and their social success. They are afraid other people are viewing them as ‘ugly and fat’, and implement obsessive methods of weight control in order to become socially desirable.
The most horrific part is that people with the disorder usually have healthy weight and the image of their obese selves is only present in their minds. Even when they start losing their kilograms significantly, they don’t notice the effect and continue the fatiguing practices of frenzied dieting and extreme exercising.
In the case of anorexia, the affected individuals see themselves as corpulent and combine all possible methods in order to become thinner. They primarily consume low-fat food in incredibly miniscule portions, induce vomiting after they ingest, are often anxious and despondent, spend hours looking at their bodies and obsess over celebrities that are extremely underweight. Anorexics are absolutely unaware that their behavior is unsound and show unwillingness to listen to advice about maintaining healthy body mass.
Individuals with bulimia engage in practice of intense and uncontrolled food consumption, followed by waves of guilt. After eating in such fashion, they suddenly become aware of their behavior, take purgatives and force vomiting. Then they might refuse to eat for days, and spend their time exercising in order to reduce the sense of overwhelming shame. Unlike anorexia patients, bulimics frequently have normal weight, however are very concerned about gaining it.
Currently, treatments for both of the disorders exist. They include a combination of psychological and physical approaches. Patients significantly benefit from therapy and nutrition counseling. In extreme cases, medications are prescribed to lower the feelings of anxiety and depression. Family therapies and group counseling with other affected individuals have shown positive results.
Eating disorders constitute the area of the most neglected psychological conditions. Despite being relatively common and affecting a vast proportion of population, these disorders are not seen as real threats by many people. Therefore, the most far-reaching strategy in treating the disorders is raising the awareness.
The most prevailing eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Both of the illnesses have severe psychological and physiological consequences, and can tremendously disrupt social stability of the patient. Affected people are unsatisfied with their weight and believe that excess weight is the only challenge standing between them and their social success.