Anabolic steroids are the drugs that are synthesized on the basis of male sex testosteron hormone. It is responsible for formation of a man's brawny figure in an organism and is called as androgenic effect. In medicine drugs of this group are used during the period of rehabilitation after the serious illness and injuries, causing the general attrition of an organism. They are also used for acceleration of adhesions of wounds and combustions.
Anabolic steroids are made in dosage forms for the oral use - in the form of tablets, and for intramuscular injections – as a type of solutions.Anabolic steroids facilitate digestion of the substances that are necessary for body height of cells, thereby stimulating a gain of body weight and augmentation of force of muscles. This property became a basis of a wide extra medical use of anabolic steroids in sport.
The main effect of anabolic steroids is intensifying of process of metabolism and production of substances for creation of organic tissues. Because of this, they are still called as construction hormones. Detaining in an organism the potassium, phosphorus and sulfur that are necessary for synthesis of albuminous molecules, steroids stimulate the production of protein in an organism.
At the molecular level, the androgenic influence of a molecule of an anabolic steroid is caused by the fact that, getting to a cell, it is bound to an androgenic receptor, activating it. In turn, the receptor influences on the certain sites of DNA molecule, starting information about what kind of protein should be produced. Thus, steroids "force" a cell to make strenuously myoproteoses, promoting thereby the augmentation of a muscle bulk. Efficiency and duration of influence of a steroid depends on a chemical structure of concrete drug.
The majority of anabolic steroids possess, first of all, the hepatotoxic properties – they negatively influence on the function of a liver. Therefore, such drugs are usually accepted together with the drugs, improving work of this organ.
In general, the regular reception of steroids promotes the disturbance of hormonal equilibrium in an organism that can lead to much pathology. At men, they can be expressed in depression of development of spermatozoons, an impotency and development of tumors of a prostate. At women, the menstrual cycle can be changed, a musculation and a voice can be coarse, body height of hair can be as a man's type, etc. The regular using of steroids by teenagers can become especially dangerous: they can cause the premature termination of body height sometimes.
Anabolic steroids are the drugs that are synthesized on the basis of male sex testosteron hormone. It is responsible for formation of a man's brawny figure in an organism and is called as androgenic effect. In medicine drugs of this group are used during the period of rehabilitation after the serious illness and injuries, causing the general attrition of an organism.