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Learning how to write a qualitative research

It won’t take you much time to learn how to write a qualitative research. Just have a look at this helpful guide.

As a faithful learner, you need to be ready for anything, including a qualitative research. That’s another type of writing assignment you’re facing for the first time. Fortunately, you don’t need to dig in endless amounts of information to find out how to write a qualitative research. You’ll find a ready-made answer here below.

We’ll find out how to write a qualitative research

Before we proceed with the vital issue of how to write a qualitative research, let’s start with a brief definition. Some scholars describe qualitative research as an interpretive naturalistic approach to the world. Therefore, qualitative researchers are used to studying things right in their natural setting, trying to interpret phenomena in terms of the meanings generated by ordinary people.

When making use of qualitative research methods, the major emphasis is put exactly on the natural setting as well as the research participants’ points of views. Apart from that, special consideration is granted to the researcher as a person. Qualitative research pays much attention to self-reflection regarding one’s own position and attitude as well as a role in society.

Qualitative research mostly makes use of unstructured data collection methods, such as interviews, observations, surveys as well as various documents. This type of research tends to disclose the major reasons for behaviors, motivations and attitudes, instead focusing on such details as where, when and what. Qualitative research can be carried out across many disciplines, such as social science, business and healthcare.

That’s how you should do it

Well, you’ve just learnt the very essence of qualitative research. Now it’s high time to make more practical steps – to learn how to write a qualitative research.

At the initial stage of your qualitative research you require deciding on a question you’re going to study. Obviously, a good research question should be specific, clear also manageable. Your question needs to explore reasons why people do things or simply believe in something.

You should estimate whether qualitative research fits your research question or not. That’s a very important point in learning how to write a qualitative research. Qualitative methods are extremely useful especially when a question can’t be answered by a banal no or yes hypothesis. You can also use this type of research to answer «what»; and «how»; questions. Your budgetary decisions will benefit from qualitative research too.

For instance, you are eager to determine the very meaning of teachers’ work to second career tutors. Apparently, the answer to this question can’t be reduced to just yes or no. On the contrary, it’s going to be a single overarching answer. That’s where your qualitative research comes in handy.

Determine your ideal sampling size. Though qualitative research methods aren’t so dependent on large samples as quantitative ones, but nevertheless, can still provide important findings and insights.

You should take into account the possible outcomes. Since qualitative methodologies are quite broad, there’s almost always a possibility that some useful information will come out of this research. In this regard, it has nothing common with a quantitative experiment, where an unproven hypothesis normally means that huge amounts of time have been wasted.

By the way, in terms of budget, qualitative research is surprisingly cheap. For instance, it’s much easier and cost-effective to gather a relatively small number of people for an interview than to buy a specialized computer program or hire appropriate statisticians.

You can hardly learn how to write a qualitative research, without picking up a worthy qualitative research methodology. In terms of experimental techniques, qualitative research is very flexible, so you can choose anything from that list suiting your particular research needs.

  • Phenomenology: It’s the study dealing with the subjective experiences of others. The given method explores the world through another person’s eyes by discovering how he interprets his experience.
  • Action research: It mainly focuses on solving an immediate problem. The method also suggests broad cooperation with others to tackle this particular problem or address other issues.
  • Ethnography: It’s the study of human interaction as well as communities via observation and direct participation within the community you’re going to study. In fact, ethnographic research descends from the discipline of cultural and social anthropology. Now the method is getting more widespread.
  • Case study research: That’s an in-depth study of specific individuals or phenomena in its currently existing context.
  • Grounded theory: The major purpose of grounded theory is to work out a theory based on the systematically analyzed and collected data. It deals with specific information and keeps deriving reasons and theories for the phenomena.

Collecting and analyzing your data

Every research technology boats several unique techniques of collecting empirical data, including fieldwork, interviews, archival research, documentary materials and so on. We should cycle through them now if you really want to know how to write a qualitative research:

  • Participant observation: That’s the immersion of the researcher in the situation or community being explored. The given form of data collection appears to be time-consuming as you require participating in the community to learn whether your observations are valid or not.
  • Direct observation: As the name suggests, it’s your direct observation of a particular situation or certain research objects via video tape playback or by means of live observation. When conducing direct observation, you’re simply making a series of specific observations of the given situation without participating or influencing in any way. For example, you’re eager to see how second career tutors go about their routines in and outside their classroom. In this case you require getting the requisite permission from the school, students, not to mention tutors to stay there, taking notes along the way.
  • Interviews: Qualitative interviewing can be defined as the process of collecting data by simply asking folks various questions. Interviewing can be extremely flexible. You may interview one person or address your questions to a group of people. You don’t necessarily need to meet folk personally – interviewing can be carried out over the phone or by means of Internet. Structured interviews make use of pre-set questions, while unstructured ones are simply free-flowing conversations, where topics are explored and probed as they arise.
  • Surveys: Written questionnaires as well as open ended surveys regarding ideas, thoughts and perceptions is a good alternative way of collecting data for your qualitative research. For instance, in your study of second career tutors, you might decide to conduct an anonymous survey of about 100 teachers in the area. It’s because you’re concerned they might be less forthright when interviewed than being surveyed, where they can be anonymous.
  • Document analysis: The given type of analysis involves examining visual, written as well as audio documents, existing without the researcher’s involvement. As a researcher, you can take advantage of a wide array of documents, including official documents, issued by institutions, and personal documents such as memoirs, letters, diaries, to say nothing of online blogs and social media accounts. For instance, the object of your research is education. Public schools are used to producing various types of documents, such as flyers, reports, handbooks, curricula, websites and so on. All of this might be useful for your qualitative research.

When it comes to learning how to write a qualitative research, we normally point out to one of the most crucial academic abilities – an ability to analyze data. Once your data is collected, you can get down to analyzing it. As a result, you’ll come up with theories and answers to your research questions. To analyze your data you can efficiently use the following techniques:

  • Narrative analysis: This type of analysis focuses on content and speech. It deals with the word usage, story themes, metaphors, meanings of situations, not to mention the cultural, political and social context of the narrative.
  • Hermeneutic analysis: it deals with the meaning of an oral or written text. When making use of this type of analysis, your mission is to make sense of the object of your study and unveil some sort of underlying coherence.
  • Descriptive statistics: Statistics has always been a smart solution for qualitative analysis. Using statistics you can describe, summarize or show your data just to highlight the required patterns.

Sure, you might have already guessed the final stage of your qualitative research. That’s writing. Keep to formatting guidelines of your department. Before you submit a newly written qualitative research, ensure it’s carefully proofread and revised.

It won’t take you much time to learn how to write a qualitative research. Just have a look at this helpful guide.

As a faithful learner, you need to be ready for anything, including a qualitative research. That’s another type of writing assignment you’re facing for the first time.

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June 25, 2016
June 26, 2016
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