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Al-Ghazali: Religious Scholar, Legalist, Sufi, and Critic of Philosophy Essay example

Assignment id 1016692
Discipline Writing
Assignment type Essay
Words 2645
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Al-Ghazali, his full name being Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali, was a significant and dominant figure among philosophers, theologians, jurists, and mystics in the Sunni Islam religion. Historians put his birth at 1058 or even 1059 at town of Tabaran-Tus; fifteen miles north of modern day Meshed in north eastern Iran. Nevertheless his personal letters and autobiography say his arrival was around 1055 or even 1056 (Griffel 2009, 23--25). Despite this clerical gap, Al-Ghazali was active in a time when Sunni theology had entered a time of fiery disputes among the Shiite Ismalite theology, as well as the Arabic heritage of falsafa. While Al-Ghazali was still young his father had passed away, despite this that he began his initial research in Tabaran-Tus his hometown, alongside his brother Ahmad. His brother Ahmad would afterwards come to be a Sufi scholar and popular preacher. Al-Ghazali however, would carry on his education with an influential theologian Al-Juwayni, whose focus was Asharite theology, in the Nizamiyya Madrasa situated in Nishapur (Al-Ghazali, c.1108 1980). While studying he was able to obtain contact with the court of Grand-Seljuq Sultan Malikshah, as well as grand-vizier Nizam al-Mulk. This stage of contact allowed Al-Ghazali to be appointed as a professor to the coveted Nizamiyya Madrasa in Baghdad in 1091 by Nizam al-Mulk. This university is said to be the most notable during the golden age of Muslim History. Alongside this appointment he'd grow to be the near with all the caliphal court in Baghdad, also being a confidante of the Seljuq Sultan. Although he became quite influential in the position, Al-Ghazali unexpectedly resigned his posts at Baghdad in 1095; leaving the city and becoming a wandering ascetic...

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