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An Ethnic Background of Europe Since 1945 Ethnicity, the rise of nationalism, the forming of new nation-claims in the aftermath of the collapse of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and the tranquil split of Czechoslovakia have become central topics for politics and scholarship in the 1990s. Studies on ethnic conflict, nation building, and particular ethnic and minority groups in Europe abounded through the entire last decade. However, a cohesive book that delivers a systematic and general picture of minority presence up to now has been missing. Panikos Panayi's An Ethnic History of Europe since 1945 (published in NY, 2000) tries to fill this gap for the post-war period. As the author properly states, up to now: "no author has attemptedto analyze the European ethnic mosaic because the end of the next World War. Today's volume is which means first attempt by a person author to rectify this example" (p. 3). Therefore the author sets a higher goal for himself to make an over-all and definite contribution to the field. The author structures his publication into four sections, the first one coping with an over-all introduction to European minority history with a particular concentrate on enough time since 1945; the second one locating this particular history within the wider framework of European financial and social history; the 3rd one discussing ethnicity as the main element problem of European minority history, and lastly the fourth one describing the interrelation of majorities and minorities within something of nation-states. Section one briefly discusses the typology of minorities and provides the reader a brief explanation of the idea underlying the author's notion of minorities. The next section targets demographic, geographical, economi...