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Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American philosopher, author, poet, abolitionist, and naturalist. He was famous for his article, "Civil Disobedience", and his book, Walden. He considered in individual conscience and nonviolent acts of political resistance to protest laws that were unfair. Moreover, he appreciated the significance of observing nature, being individual, and living in a simple lifestyle by his own worth. His writings afterwards changed the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.. In "Civil Disobedience" and Walden, '' he urged human nonviolent resistance to the unjust state and reflected his simple dwelling in the character. In "Civil Disobedience," Thoreau said that authorities should be expedient and diligent. He started off his essay with his slogan, "That government is best which governs least" and "That government is best which governs not at all." He meant that we didn't need a government that made principles and that the government should let the people do whatever they wanted to perform. He believed that government should be expedient, not inexpedient. "Government is at best but an expedient; but most governments are usually, and all governments are sometimes, inexpedient." He used a great deal of cases to warrant the inexpedient authorities. One of them was that the Mexican-American warfare. "Witness the present Mexican war, the work of comparatively a few individuals using the standing government as their tool; therefore, in the outset, the people wouldn't have agreed to the measure" It was inexpedient because war was only a tool for a couple of powerful people and didn't have approval of the multitude. He also believed that the government should assist most of the people, not merely a few wealthy folks. In addition, the minority principle, in w.. .