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The Republic by Plato Essay

Assignment id 1014382
Discipline Writing
Assignment type Essay
Words 1558
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Introduction The Republic began in 508 BC and lasted for around 483 decades. The office of the Praetor came about at 367 BC. The functions of the praetor were to assist the civil law, done via the grant of rights of activities for the enforcement of civil statements and also to help the consuls in the day-to-day administration of criminal justice. Back in 242 BC, thirty years after, another praetor was inserted, thus there were two praetors. Even the praetor urbanus had jurisdiction to determine cases and administer justice among Roman citizens although the praetor peregrinus had to take care of cases between citizens and foreigners, and Moses among themselves. Nevertheless the main cases were the ones between peregrines. Also in the lex Papiria p sacramentis we locate "qui inter cives ius dicet". The Praetor could be considered to be an official who had a great deal of influence on laws, but it isn't possible to mention all of these influences. Imperium Imperium is described as the ultimate executive power from the Roman State, and it involved both judicial and military authority. This imperium was exercised in the first instance from the Kings of Rome but then beneath the Republic the chief magistrates, including the praetor, were also entrusted with this command. The imperium of the consuls was regarded as maius and hence higher than that of their praetor. This meant that the consul could discriminate contrary to the praetor but the praetor could not do exactly the same. This also allowed the praetor to observe the things that were not regulated by the ius civile, but where required in a society and in the economic existence of Rome. The Praetor could also delegate this imperium to additional individuals who were non-magistrates. Besides imperium that the praetor held authority which revealed how he had the boundless.

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