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As the demand for increasingly punitive community-based sanctions grew, the demand for a greater variety of programs and services became more evident, as did the significance of a more seamless transition from complete incapacitation to total liberty of prisoners re-entering society. An assortment of community corrections techniques have developed through the years, one being the institution of halfway homes. To adequately understand residential community corrections, an individual has to consider the origins, elements, and efficacy of halfway homes. Initially halfway homes in the United States were operated by nonprofit organizations as a way for recently released offenders to locate their footing upon re-entry. Between 1816 and 1930, the purpose of the halfway house was supposed to provide interim food and shelter while the offender looked for work and became financially secure enough to support himself. Participation was strictly voluntary as state service was lacking, mainly because of the simple fact that it had been and was firmly considered ex-offenders must minimize their contact with one another. (Alarid and Del Carmen 182) A transition to treatment and correctional supervision via halfway house at the 1950вЂ™s garnered great support as concern concerning parole revocation and crime improved. In a matter of years halfway homes began to receive government assistance and financial aid. Funding resources were dramatically increased through the 1968 Safe Streets Act and a focus on community corrections was prevalent. By the time funds began to decrease in the 1980вЂ™s, halfway houses had found their own place in corrections as an alternative to incarceration and a secure place for offenders to transition out of prison, reducing potential problems because of overcrowding. (A.. .