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The Crucial Role of Symbols in To Kill a Mockingbird In To Kill a Mockingbird, written by Harper Lee, themes and central ideas of the novel are emphasized by subtle symbols. Symbols shown throughout the novel not only represent concrete objects but also ideas, feelings, beliefs, and attitudes of the figures. Some symbols even signify more than one thing. Lee's recurring use of symbols donate to the underlying themes and ideas of the novel. Lee's strange title is a logo itself and it keeps the reader in anticipation while waiting to get a mockingbird to enter the story. Symbols contribute to literature by inducing the reader to analyze the piece of job and look for meanings apart from the literal one. In To Kill a Mockingbird, the use of symbols play a crucial part in the progression of the novel. Among the first major symbols that emerge in the novel is Tim Johnson, a mad dog who's infected with rabies. As the dog is infected with rabies, the people of Maycomb County are "infected" with racism (Jones 54). After Tom Robinson has been brought to trial, convicted, and ultimately killed for a crime he did not commit, nobody in town appears to show any compassion or sorrow for him besides Atticus. Atticus clarifies the people of Maycomb as "crazy dogs that he must face" by protecting Tom (Lee 103). To prove the symbol further, Atticus is the individual called on to shoot and kill Tim Johnson. This activity from the people of Maycomb, reveal their deep trust in Atticus. Since Atticus shoots and kills the mad dog, he kills and shots racism in Maycomb because he steps up and defends Tom Robinson with all his power. Through this activity, Atticus is trying to protect his neighbors out of rabies as he desires he coul...