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Fantastic Expectations was composed by Charles Dickens during the Victorian period and follows the life of Pip, our protagonist, as he works his way up the social hierarchy of their Victorian era. It was first published as series from 1860 to 1861. It's written as a bildungsroman: a genre of writing which pursues the life of a character from their youth into their mature life. This novel has been hugely influenced by the author's own life; who also worked his way up the social ladder. The story is written in a retrospective narrator: older Pip is awaiting his childhood along with telling the story. Charles Dickens uses characters to represent various classes. The reduced working class is shown by Joe. Joe's character relies on Dickens' father who was also a congenial, hospitable and generous man very similar to Joe. Pip describes him as a gentle, good-natured, sweet-tempered, easy-going, foolish dear fellow.' Charles Dickens is attempting to demonstrate that working class are more agreeable than the upper classes. Joe is happy and quite comfy with his or her class. Pip describes him really uncomfortable when he's made to resign from his working class identity. 'Nothing he wore subsequently fitted him or appeared to meet him' shows how 'out of place' he felt and appeared when he was made to wear formal clothes by Mrs. Joe. In a complete contrast to Joe, his wife, Mrs Joe is quite ashamed of her place in the society. She keeps talking about the fact that she despises having to become a 'blacksmith's wife.' This shows that she desperately wants to move her up course in the society and attempts to do so by pleasing other high classed characters like Mr. Pumblechook in hope of them granting her the standing she desires. She makes more effor...