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WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA? The modern definition of schizophrenia identifies it as a long-lasting psychotic disorder (between a severe break with reality), where there's an inability to distinguish what is true from fantasy in addition to disturbances in thinking, emotions, behavior, and comprehension (Cicarelli, p. 557). SYMPTOMS Schizophrenia includes several symptoms. 1 common symptom is delusions, which are false beliefs that the individual retains and that often stay fixed and unshakable even at the face of evidence that disproves the delusions (Cicarelli, p. 557). Other common symptoms include speech disturbances, in which people who have schizophrenia make up words, repeat words or sentences persistently, string words together on the grounds of noises, and encounter abrupt interruptions in speech or thought. The thought patterns of those with schizophrenia will also be considerably disturbed, since they have trouble linking their thoughts together in rational ways (Cicarelli, p. 557). People with schizophrenia can also experience episodes, where they hear voices or see things or individuals that aren't really there. Hearing voices and emotional disturbances are crucial symptoms in building a diagnosis of schizophrenia. A psychological disturbance known as horizontal effect is a condition where the individual shows little if any emotion. For example, emotions may be surplus and/or inappropriate - a individual might laugh when it'd be more suitable to cry (Cicarelli, p. 557). A individual who has schizophrenia might also exhibit disorganized and exceptionally odd behavior. As an instance, some types of schizophrenia are followed by periods of complete immobility, whereas others may entail weird facial grimaces and odd gesturing. Care is al.. .