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After Shirley Jackson first released her short story "The Lottery," it generated a fantastic deal of controversy. It justified high critical acclaim, but additionally, it brought risks to Jackson's life. The public was outraged that she'd write such a violent story, which ended with the unmerciful killing of an innocent woman. The violence in reaction to the story ironically reflects the violence within, and reveals a darker, nevertheless mandatory, element of the individual mind. The characters from "The Lottery" need the violent ritual to live peaceful and joyful lives. The violent tradition is helpful to the town's people because it supports a wholesome group psychology, is a conditioned behavioral standard for every production, ensures the bulk's well-being, and can be incorporated in their religious belief. The town's collective mental state is kept in equilibrium by holding a lottery each year. Human beings are capable of great stuff, but interlaced together with the potential of greatness is a capacity for destruction. David Livingston Smith, a professor of philosophy and the manager of the Institute for Cognitive Science and Evolutionary Psychology at the University of New England, discusses man's background in his novel The Most Dangerous Animal: Human Nature and the Origins of War. He acknowledges, "[Human beings'] noble achievements are only half of the picture. They exist side by side with a range of less appealing characteristics," (41). Violence and cruelty amongst the species is now part of the most fundamental human nature and has been shown to be inevitable through history. A prime illustration of the capabilities of guy against itself is that the Holocaust, that has been theorized to be the symbolized subject of Jackson's narrative. However, "The Lottery" shows a wholesome, structu...