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Easter Uprising in Ireland On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, a force of Irishmen tried to seize Dublin, with the ultimate intention of eliminating British rule and producing a completely separate Ireland. Their leaders, such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, knew that they were destined to die, but watched the importance of independence, thus the rebellion was inescapable. In the opinion of many the rebellion was a complete failure, together with the loss of lives and damage of buildings, however in the eyes of many Irish patriots the rebellion was an entire success as it promoted Irish nationalism and ultimately lead to an independent Ireland. The conditions that lead to the rebellion are obviously an extreme complexity, historic, societal, political and psychologicalas well as the rebellion itself has enduring effects on society now. Since 1603, when Ireland had been for the first time effectively united under British rule, Irish history was dictated by the British, and the poor relationship between Ireland and Britain. The root of the issue was that Ireland was a mostly Roman Catholic country dominated by Allied foreigners, colonial administrators acting on behalf of a Protestant Government away. Throughout the 18th century, the British Irish Catholics were deprived of all rights, as a single English judge put it: вЂњThe law does not suppose any such person to exist as a Roman Roman Catholic.вЂќ The Irish could just assume that the English did not respect them as human beings at all, which was clearly seen in the Great Famine of the 19th century. The Great Famine of 1845-1851 was critical in forming IrelandвЂ™s attitudes towards British rule and contributing to the nationalism that provoked the eventual uprising of 1916. Even the peasants lived on potatoes, it had been their only harvest, and as soon as the harvest was killed by illness famine struck. The potato was primarily grown because it might produce a relatively higher return with small intensive care. Many though depended upon the crop and that's why the famine of 1845-1849 was so catastrophic. Ireland had a population of 8 million ahead of the famine, 1 million died from the famine and yet another 1-2 million immigrated to America. IrelandвЂ™s inhabitants, which had grown so strongly during the 18th century and early 19th century, had been shattered. The effect that the famine had on 1916 was simple: that the English were blamed for the famine. Th...