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Oscar Romero, Liberation Theology and the Catholic Church From the post-World War II era, the globe was polarized by two idealistically divergent superpowers; the United States and the Soviet Union, two nations which strived to market capitalism and communism, respectively, during the globe. Nowhere was this battle more apparent than in developing nations with shaky political and economic backbones. Especially, in Latin America the old, corrupt and often totalitarian regimes were threatened with grassroots liberation movements whose ideas of land reform and shaking up the status quo were often perceived as Marxism. Even the Catholic Church, which had traditionally supported the wealthy ruling class, began to alter its beliefs in the late 1960s and gradually increased its support to the oppressed working class. This trend gained momentum in the 1970s and 80s and became known as Liberation Theology. Although not formally supported and often chastised by the Vatican, Liberation Theology became prevalent throughout Latin America and violent revolutions awakened in Brazil, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Mexico, sometimes with the tacit blessing of major spiritual leaders. By the early 1990s, but this aggressive brand of Liberation Theology and the political uprisings that often went hand in hand were more or less dead. Pope John Paul II had condemned using this pulpit for political purposes and many of the more virulent religious leaders were forcibly removed by the Vatican by their respective posts. Today, the Catholic Church seems to be ambivalent towards the present political and economic situation in Latin America. Even though Pope John Paul II condemns what he has known as вЂњsavage capitalismвЂќ in t.. .