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John Proctor's Struggle at Miller's The Crucible Coursework The Massachusetts Bay Colony was founded by a group of Puritan settlers that arrived from England in 1630. The Massachusetts Bay colony has been driven by the spiritual principles of Congregationalism. Every church and its neighborhood were supposed to be independent, but in fact they all followed the exact same rigorous code of behavior and belief. Members of the congregation that swayed from such standards were seriously punished. Since the community had been powerful Puritans, executions were people, and might take the form of hanging, beheading or pressing to death, or even a less cruel punishment could occur such as an ear, nose or limb being cut away. In 1692 In Salem Massachusetts, lots of people, both men and women, were hung for being witches. Arthur Miller based 'The Crucible' about the Salem witchcraft paths. When the witchcraft hysteria struck Salem, the jails were full of people accused of witchcraft and being in contact with the devil or 'wicked'. As they were such a strong Puritan religion, they assosciated any kind of witchcraft using Satan. The entire witchcraft hysteria started with young women, being rebellious and dance naked in the woods. When discovered, the kids pointed fingers in several innocent men and women, so that they themselves wouldn't be penalized for being involved in witchcraft. The whole situation soon grew beyond everyone's management, however in December of 1692, the jails were removed and all persons under suspicion were free once more. But by now nineteen people had been hanged one pressed for not confessing for this then believed crime, and at least two more people...