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Eleanor Maccoby Essays

Project id 1004837
Subject area Writing
Document type Essay
Words 1170
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Eleanor Maccoby is a renowned psychologist, together with publications dating from 1957 to now. She specializes in the socialization of children, psychological change in personality and behavior, relationships of couples after divorce, along with parent-child interactions. In this short article I focus on her work analyzing the socialization of children, and also parent-child interactions. I link her work involving the socialization of children, by their interactions with their parents and with other kids, into the interactions of adults. There is a very clear parallel between the sex-typed skills learned in child-interactions and those hauled in mature interactions. Parent--Child Interactions Maccoby looks at the growth of sex through discussion: "social behaviour is never a function of the person alone. It is the purpose of the interaction between at least two persons" (Maccoby 1990). Maccoby's previous work dealt with parental impacts on children's gender identification, focusing on the sex stereotypes that parents instill in their children through discussion. Rothbart and Maccoby (1966) studied kids' reactions to specific child behaviors, particularly those considered as sex-typed, such as dependency and aggression, in hopes of knowing what accounts for gender differences in behaviour. Social-learning theory addresses the discovering, that girls display more reliant behaviors than boys, and boys exhibit more aggressive behaviours than girls. And that dependent behaviors are rewarded for men, just as competitive behaviours are much less rewarded for females (Rothbart and Maccoby 1966). Using social-learning theory, and supposing that the family constitutes the "civilization" into which a young child is vulnerable, Rothbart and Maccoby (1966) predicted that both parents would fortify dependence more ardently in women, and aggression more strongly in boys. Rothbart Maccoby (1966) tested their forecast by putting parents in a hypothetical situation with a kid, asking them to document their responses and responses to statements made by the child, such as: "Daddy (or Mommy), come look at my puzzleDaddy, assist meBaby, you can't play with me. You are overly littleLeave my puzzle alone or I'll hit you in the head!" (Maccoby and Rothbart 1966). The "kid" in this situation was a record of a 4 year old's voice. Parents were advised eith...

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