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Martin Luther and John Calvin as Religious Leaders of the Reformation Martin Luther became an Augustinian Monk in 1505. He spent two years studying Scripture before being ordained as a priest. In 1510, Luther was sent to Rome and was shocked by the spiritual laxity. After completing his theological doctorate, he became a professor at Wittenberg, in 1515, Luther became the district vicar. Luther began to create his own theology and in 1516 he felt compelled to protest the dispensation of all indulgences. Indulgences were offered to forgive sinners. Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the castle . He was asked to recant by the Cardinal and denied. Many theologians also think that the sale of indulgences was untrue but it had great financial success. Luther's 95 Theses were widely distributed and read. Support Started to grow from the exploited peasants and the Northern Humanists. Luther printed the Sermon of Great Works where he asserts that good works don't advantage the soul; just faith can. Luther was hoping to reform the church, but the Pope named him a heretic and that he was later excommunicated in 1521. In the diet of Worms, Charles V asked Luther to recant and, once more, Luther refused. Charles declared Luther an outlaw. Luther was no more able to reform the Catholic Church so he hid in Wartburg to create his church. Luther based his church on the concept of liberty and liberty. He wished to liberate individuals from false beliefs and false faith. Regarding the way of worship, Luther chose to retain altars and vestments; he prepared an order of liturgical company, but with the understanding that no ch...