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Written by Matthew Arnold around 1851 while one his honeymoon, Dover Beach is really a dramatic monologue addressed to his wife, Frances Wightman, also "any girl listening to the observations of any man" (Cummings); during this moment, the world had only come out of the Romantic era and has been entering the era of the industrial revolution. New creations in technology were changing the planet and science like astronomy and chemistry were hard long held beliefs of the church and by the church. The church that was moving through trials of its own together with the Church of England splitting into the low, broad, and large churches (prohibited). In Dover Beach, Matthew Arnold writes of Religion and the Industrial Revolution and the way they affected the human condition in the time and those themes and concerns are equally as important today was they were 159 years ago. Among those topics and central messages from Dover Beach would be the "Challenges to the validity of long-standing theological and moral precepts have shaken the faith of people in God and Religion" (Cummings). Throughout Arnold's time new secularist nationalism, humanism, evolution, and spiritual conservatism by transcendentalists were cropping up as well as occasionally taking the place of the older classic church beliefs (Boulton; Unknown)"that the presence of god and the whole Christian scheme of things has been cast in doubt" (Cummings). This change was the result of this shifting Industrial Revolution and numerous social and economic problems because of this change (untrue). Lots of in Victorian society have been conflicted and "a reduction of faith for many became a phase throughout Victorian culture as a whole" (untrue). The authors, who in the time believed their obligation was to write of the typical experiences and thoughts of the society.