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An Introduction to Fiber Optics Technology Through the years, speed and efficiency in the telecommunications industry has improved at a rapid pace due to fiber optic technology. In 1979, AT&T revolutionized the telecommunications industry by creating a medium for data transmission that used mild, called fiber optic cable. This moderate created a bandwidth of 44.736 Mbps and may multiplex 672 back frequencies on one fiber (Cole, 2000). But this innovation was just the start of a great addition to telecommunications, one which could change the industry forever. Even though AT&T introduced fiber optic engineering in 1979, they were not the first organization to think of such a creative thought. The notion of exchanging data by using light was considered by Alexander Graham Bell in the late 1800's. Bell always believed of possibilities that stimulation of light can transmit voice signals, but Bell never had a reliable light source to test the idea (Cheo, 1990). In 1880, Bell patented a phone utilizing optical transmission known as the Photophone. Bell's invention collapsed since it utilized air as the medium to transmit light, rather than the glass fibers that are utilized today. Copper wire was simply more dependable than Bell's invention at the moment, resulting in the failure of the Photophone (Hecht, 1999). Expanding on Bell's thought, English scientist John Logie Bard and United States scientist Clarence W. Hansell improved the concept of utilizing hollow glass pipes to transmit television images in the 1920's. On the other hand, the tubes patented were very bad quality and experienced signal loss very readily. Bard and Hansell also ran into the exact same problem Bell did, not having a continuous, intense light source (Hecht, 1999). Solving Bard and Hansell's p.. .