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Sociologist Views on the Means and Ends of Socialism Socialism is a very wide ideology, surrounding many distinct thoughts and viewpoints. Various socialists have surfaced on both the ways they think socialism ought to be achieved and implemented, and on what exactly it is that they would like to realize. The two chief viewpoints I am going to consider with respect to the way of achieving socialism are radical socialism and evolutionary socialism, also regarding the goals of unique socialists I am going to discuss Marxism, including orthodox communism, and also social democracy as well as the 'third way'. Because socialism tends to have an oppositional character, and be viewed as a push for change, the resources in which socialism is achieved are very significant, and have a tendency to find out the kind of socialism that results from this shift. Early socialists thought that socialism could only be brought about via a radical movement - that the overthrow of the present regime. Violence was accepted as a unwelcome but essential part of the process. In the 19th Century there were also two accepted versions of this thought - some socialists believed the revolution would be performed by a small number of committed revolutionaries, while some like Marx and Engels believed that a class-conscious working class would rise up in an proletariat revolution and overthrow capitalism. The very first successful socialist revolution has been the Russian Revolution of 1917, that has been a coup dвЂ™Г©tat carried out with a small group of revolutionaries, and this provided a model for additional socialist revolutions. In the 19th Century revolutionary socialism wa...