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Switch between a Lay Magistrate along with a Stipendiary Magistrate Intro: - Magistrates sit on a bench from the magistrates' court and listen to around 98 percent of all criminal cases. Many Magistrates' cope with summary offences such as, driving without insurance and common attack. The Magistrates listen to the case in hand, and after that need to decide weather the suspect is guilty or not guilty. They must come up with a acceptable punishment for a guilty plea aswell. There are two different types of magistrates, lay magistrates and stipendiary magistrates. Lay magistrates are also known as Lay Justices or Justices of the Peace (JPs). Lay Magistrates would be the more prevalent kind of magistrates. Lay magistrates devote their time on voluntary, but costs could be paid (below the Justices of Peace Act 1979). There are over 60,000 lay magistrates in England and Wales. So as to become a lay magistrate, there are number of criteria that have to be fulfilled. The first criteria which lay magistrates are required to meet is that they have to be between the ages of 21 and 60 (though plans to expand this allowance to 65 years have been put forward by a few Lord Chancellors, in order to obtain a further pool of gift) -Jacqueline Martin, GCSE Law. Another requirement is the fact that they need to reside within 15 kilometers of the area where they're commissioned and they'd have had to reside there for a time exceeding 12 months. Individuals that are qualified in law, ex-police officers or bankrupts are ineligible to become lay magistrates. This principle also applies to those who've been convicted of serious offences. Moreover, relatives of people who f.. .