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High Stakes Testing In 1997, President Bill Clinton said that the United States needed, " a national crusade for education standards - not federal government standards, but national standards, representing what all our students should learn to be successful in the knowledge economy of the nineteenth century"(http://books.nap.edu/books/0309062802/html/13.html). The way to succeed in this journey is via standardized testing which results in impacts for teachers and students. Throughout this paper, I'll be discussing how significant high stakes testing is to our country. To begin with, I will show how these tests prevent students from continuing on to another grade level or graduate without the skills required. Secondly, I will discuss how they improve students' achievement. And lastly, I'll describe how these tests keep schools and teachers accountable. High stakes testing prevents students from being encouraged or given a degree without the necessary understanding. The National Academies Press says, "unless we examine student's knowledge, how will we know if they've met the criteria? And the concept of accountability, which is also central to this theory of school reform, requires that the test results have direct and immediate consequences: a student who doesn't satisfy the standard shouldn't be promoted, or given a high school degree"(books.nap.edu). Social marketing is allowing a pupil to move up a grade just due to their age. Standardized testing is helping students by keeping them back a grade or using them attend summer school in order for them to learn the skills they require in order to be successful in life and school. Recent facts have shown how frequently children have been promoted without the necessary knowledge. .