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Church and State from the Roman Empire Since the majority of the civilizations studied so far in Western world -- the Romans were a religious people. From the increase of the Roman Empire to the fall of its institutions, there was always a backdrop of religious involvement in the affairs of their nation and people. Polytheism Appears to predominate throughout the majority of this Empire. Even though the book says very little about the spiritual affairs of the individuals, one can conclude that this society has been completely influenced by their own beliefs that the gods needed a hand in all the affairs of this State as well as the people. When looking at the length of time the Roman Empire lasted one has to ask how. How did the Romans increase to become such a wonderful empire? How did the Empire last? Was it luck? Can it be that the whole region of the Mediterranean was weak and vulnerable to being overtaken? The response to such questions after studying the religion of the Roman Empire is most definitely not. The Romans thought that the "Gods" were using them. How can they loose a struggle or not get the upper hand on in a land dispute with the ability of the gods inducing the winds for them. Having the boon of the gods did not come easy however. The Romans went through a whole lot of trouble to please the numerous gods and goddesses they worshipped. Pontiffs were put to insure that the rituals of this country set forth to please the gods were all performed properly. Most intriguing is the office of the augurs. These people apparently had the most power and authority in the affairs of the Empire. Not one affair or conclusion of the country could be produced with out first consulting with the augurs. It could be presumed that if no decisions of the country was made without first consulting with the.