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Antonio Gramsci, a author, politician, and philosopher, was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini's Italian Fascist country in 1926. At this time, he had been the General Secretary of the Italian Communist Party, and although unfortunately he was imprisoned for almost ten decades, he wrote countless webpages commenting on Marxist concept, called the Prison Notebooks. While commenting on Marx's theories, he made his very own, hegemony. Dwelling in the early twentieth century, Gramsci took Karl Marx's thoughts and made his version of hegemony, that is his "theoretical response to this fin de siècle catastrophe of Marxism and to those far-reaching questions regarding society and consciousness posed from the Italian revolt against positivism." Fin de siècle means relating to the conclusion of the nineteenth century, which is a little prior to the German Fascist Party began to take over. Gramsci managed to create two superstructures of society, yet being civil societyand also another being political society, as a portion of the capitalist state that he was residing at the moment. Political society principles by force, while civil society principles through consent. Gramsci noticed that hegemony was made and replicated in "cultural lifestyle through the media, universities, and religious institutions to 'manufacture consent' and legitimacy." According to Bates, Gramsci "wrongly identified [a] period of hegemony using [Benedetto] Croce," who looked to "discover the standard of universality, in each struggle some indication of their human soul trying to achieve its liberty." Gramsci's period of political hegemony was that dictatorship is not the powerful force in society; but hegemony, the notion that man isn't ruled just by power, but by thoughts as well, is more po...