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Sinclair Lewis's 1925 book Arrowsmith follows a set of bacteriologists, Martin Arrowsmith along with his mentor Max Gottlieb, as they travel through various professions in medicine and science in the early decades of the twentieth century. Gottlieb and his protégé, Martin, explore the status and roles of engineering work in universities, in industry, and in a private research base, as well as in various medical positions. Lewis presents a picture of tension and conflict between the objectives and ideals of pure science and the surroundings in which his protagonists have to operate. Although Gottlieb and Arrowsmith can pursue their study in certain areas, their job is always obstructed and undermined by commercialism. Sinclair Lewis utilizes the education of Martin Arrowsmith as a way of examining whether medical colleges should be dedicated mostly to instruction or to research. This specific argument is exemplified by the literary University of Winnemac, where there's an air that is somewhat aggressive towards the study Gottlieb and Martin want to pursue. Gottlieb is usually dismissed as "unconscious of this world," "a older laboratory plug," "that a 'crapehanger' who wasted moment ruining the theories of other people rather than creating new ones of his own" (Lewis 10, 35, 9). He is made to waste his time instructing basic bacteriology to pupils that are not interested, while Arrowsmith has been made to waste his time shooting classes unrelated to the research he enjoys. Martin's lack of interest in his classes appears to state that instead of take a vast array of science classes medical students who want to pursue study ought to be allowed only to take classes necessary for research. Lewis' portrayal of Gottlieb's l.. .